The Quadric Chimera Software Development Toolkit (SDK) is a comprehensive environment for the development of complex application code targeting the Chimera GPNPU. The Quadric SDK enables the mixing and matching of any data parallel algorithm whether it is expressed as machine learning graph or as traditional C++ code.
online or on premise
Users can access the full Chimera SDK online via our Quadric Developers Studio. With a visual drag-n-drop front end in DevStudio, developers can mix and match pre-existing optimized libraries of C++ preprocessing and post-processing kernels with a variety of ready-made machine learning models to rapidly test out an application code chain.
Or users can also download a complete Docker image of the Chimera SDK for deployment on private clouds or on-premise systems. Once installed on your compute resources, you can compile your own proprietary C++ code and machine learning models using the Quadric Chimera toolflow and profile on the cycle approximate ISS model of the Chimera GPNPU. Newly created compute kernels or ML models can then be uploaded back to DevStudio for further SoC analysis or sharing with other users within your private organization.
The Quadric Chimera Graph Compiler (CGC) is a powerful conversion and code optimization tool that inputs a machine learning inference model created from the leading ML training frameworks, performs numerous optimizations, and outputs an optimized C++ code representation of the ML graph utilizing the Chimera Compute Library (CCL) for later compilation by the Chimera LLVM C++ compiler.
Graph Import CGC accepts input graphs in ONNX format for networks developed in PyTorch, TensorFlow or other frameworks. A number of optimizations are performed as part of the graph import phase: • Graph simplification / canonicalization • Constant propagation - removing operators with purely constant arguments, if possible • Operator legalization / conversion – converting to GPNPU-specific forms of ML operators The shape and structure of the network graph is optimized to simplify operators where possible. Compatibility checks are performed to determine if all operators are supported. When an unsupported or custom operator is present in the source graph, the user has the option to partition the graph around the custom operator, write a C++ model for the unsupported operator, and reintegrate the new custom operator C++ kernel with CCL code generated by CGC.
Graph and Memory Optimization CGC creates a full intermediate representation of the ML graph and performs multiple passes of optimization with the twin aims of optimizing performance and memory bandwidth utilization.
Memory optimization techniques include: • Tensor format layout analysis (both L2 and LRM) • Fusion in Local Memory (FILM) - merging of operations to preserve data within LRM and avoid costly intermediate activation writeback. • Array-level memory adapters & tensor shape transformations • Bank conflict minimization, defragmentation • Predictive weight prefetching
Chimera LLVM C++ Compiler & Instruction Set Simulator
The Chimera LLVM C++ compiler utilizes the industry state of the art LLVM compiler infrastructure with a Quadric-specific code generation back end that emits assembly code specific to the Chimera instruction set.
The Chimera Instruction Set Simulator (ISS) is an executable model of the Chimera GPNPU core that is bundled with the Chimera SDK. The ISS can be utilized both in a standalone mode to profile and tune application code in isolation, or as a callable System C transaction level model bundled into a more comprehensive virtual prototype of an SoC where more accurate memory model behavior can be used to fine-tune your Chimera code more precisely.